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Thursday, May 12, 2016

EwR Vocabulary - Word Comparison - Relationship versus Relation (Part II)


RELATIONSHIP verus RELATION (Part II)


What is the difference between the words RELATIONSHIP and RELATION?

Please refer to Part I of this article in order to read about the meaning and usage of the word “relationship”. In Part II of this article, the word “relation” will be addressed. The confusion between these words is not always clear to most people; therefore, please study both of these articles (Parts I and II) in order to better understand them. The problem stems from the fact that the alternate expressions for these two words sometimes overlap and are somewhat similar to each other; however, the context or usage of these two words is a little bit different.

Let’s continue with the word “relation”. Similar to the word “relationship”, the word “relation” also has five different possible usages. Alternate words and expressions for the word “relation” include the following: (1) an abstraction belonging to two things or people which can include interdependence, a connection, a link, or a comparison; (2) an act of human reproduction; (3) a person who is related to someone by blood or marriage, (4) the act of telling a story to someone, and (5) the word “relations” (not “relation”) also refers to business dealings, but it is used only in the plural form.

Firstly, the word “relation” can be used in four different ways in order to demonstrate that a certain notion belongs to two different entities or parts. For example, there can be (a) an interdependence between them, (b) a connection, (c) a link, or (d) a comparison between the two things or people.

(a) Example: There might be a relation (an interdependence) between seal and polar bear populations.
(a) Practice: Do you think that there is a relation (an interdependence) between “cause” and “effect”?

(b) Example: The relation (connection) of an owner to his pet is that the owner decides what the pet eats.
(b) Practice: What is a possible relation (connection) of a renter to his apartment?

(c) Example: Children’s growth depends on the relation (link) of their physical and mental development.
(c) Practice: Do you think that there is a relation (link) between a married couple’s happiness and success?

(d) Example: Alien life has no relation (comparison) to human life on Earth.
(d) Practice: Is there any relation (comparison) of a person’s earnings to his/her salary?

Second of all, if reference is made to a sexual act of intercourse between two people, then a “relation” is being talked about. It also refers to sexual procreation between a man and a woman.

Example: The couple is having a relation every week because they want to have a child soon.
Practice: Do you think that it is common for young people to have a sexual relation in a car?

Thirdly, whenever you talk about one of your relatives, you are referring to a “relation” of yours. This relation of yours can be a blood relative, or someone related to you by marriage.

Example: The children call this man their uncle, but he really isn’t a relation (relative) of theirs.
Practice: Do you have a distant relation (relative) who lives in a foreign country?

Fourth of all, when someone tells a story about something, s/he is giving a “relation”, or an account of the events that occurred.

Example: The witness’s relation (story) about the accident helped to identify the guilty party.
Practice: Do bosses always believe the relation (story) that an employee tells him/her when the employee says that s/he is sick, and can’t come to work?

And finally, if you use the word relation in its plural form (relations), then you can refer to communications and interactions between two different entities.

Example: The European Union wants its relations (communications) with all of its member countries to be favorable.
Practice: Does the company that you work with have good relations (communications) with its employees?

In summary, if you are talking about a “relation” that belongs to two different things or people, then you are identifying interdependence, a connection, a link, or a comparison between them. A “relation” also makes reference to the act of sexual intercourse, a relative, or the telling of a story. Don’t forget that “relations” (not “relation”) is also used in order to refer to the dealings and communications between different parties, especially that of businesses.

Both of the words “relationship” and “relation” have now been discussed. Review the different usages of the word “relationship” (See the first article, Part I), and re-examine the different meanings here in Part II of this article in order to compare the usages of the words “relationship” and “relation”. Hopefully, now you better understand why these two words are often confused, and you can distinguish how to use them correctly.

 PRACTICE EXERCISE

Now practice filling in each blank below with the correct answer using one of the following words – relationship, relation, or relations. The answers to all of the items below can be found within the text of both articles written in Parts I and II about this subject.

Item 1: The _______ between a mother and her child is very important for the child’s development.
Item 2: The children call this man their uncle, but he really isn’t a _______ of theirs.
Item 3: There might be a _______ between seal and polar bear populations.
Item 4: The couple is having a _______ every week because they want to have a child soon.
Item 5: The man didn’t want his wife to know that he was having a _______ with another woman.
Item 6: Contracts are often used to demonstrate that two companies want to form a legal business _______.
Item 7: The witness’s _______ about the accident helped to identify the guilty party.
Item 8: Children’s growth depends on the _______ of their physical and mental development.
Item 9: The _______ of an owner to his pet is that the owner decides what the pet eats.
Item 10: The _______ that these two children have together is that of brother and sister.
Item 11: The _______ between money and power is evident in today’s society.
Item 12: Alien life has no _______ to human life on Earth.
Item 13: I have a very good _______ with all of my colleagues at work.
Item 14: The European Union wants its _______ with all of its member countries to be favorable.


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